“The Incarnation of the Son of God is the terminology used to describe what happened when the second person of the Trinity, the eternal Son of God, “became flesh” as he was miraculously conceived in the womb of the Virgin Mary according to the Bible. In the incarnation, the divine nature of the Son was perfectly united with human nature in one divine Person. This person, Jesus Christ, was both “truly God and truly man.” Theopidia
“In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God.
And the word became flesh
and dwelt among us.”
John 1:1, 14
For what purpose? Could not God from heaven continue His supernatural work by His own Spirit as He had in the Old Testament?
There are many Biblical references to explain why God chose to manifest Himself in the person of Jesus Christ.
Just as there were prophets, priests, and kings in the old covenant as mediators between God and His people, they were not capable to accomplish God’s plan. His intention for the first creation was to have human beings bearing His image. That image was marred, distorted by disobedience to His Word; the relationship that He desired was put on hold.
So, there was a need and the plan for a mediation, which meant that there had to be a dual role, and so Jesus, the second person of the Trinity was born to be the mediator between God and men.
“For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;”
1 Timothy 2:5
He came to fulfill the law, something no other human could do. (Matthew 5:17) As a mediator, He first had to do what the first man failed to do ~ obey the Creator. He had to show a full obedience to the word and will of the law. For thirty-three years He proved His humanity, by being tempted as we are, yet without sin, so that as our sacrifice, He would be offered as a permanent sacrifice for all who believe in Him.
All the promises of God are revealed and fulfilled in Christ. (2 Corinthians 1:20)
God made Him to be our “Go To” for all things. What the law could not do for us, in us, or through us, He does in us through Christ.
He reveals that He was the “bread of life” ~ “the bread of God who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” (John6:33-35)
“I came that they may have life and have it abundantly.” John 10:10
The one whose birth the shepherds attended, became the good Shepherd .
“The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.” John 10:11
“I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand.”
“For this purpose I was born and for this purpose I have come into the world — to bear witness to the truth.
Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.”
“… he appeared to take away sins… 1 John 3:5
“The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil.” 1 John 3:b
From the writer of Hebrews we learn that Jesus, in sharing flesh and blood, partaking of the same life as ours would, through death, destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil, and deliver those who were subject to fear of death and the judgment of God. (Hebrews 2:10-15; 1 John 4:17-19)
The New Creation
Jesus, having lived a holy life, became the Lamb of sacrifice for our sins, He took upon Himself our sin and punishment, in exchange for His righteousness. (Romans 3:21-26; Romans 6:23: 2 Corinthians 5:21)
Through His life and death we are given a new life by the power of His Holy Spirit; sent by the Father to draw us to Christ, He gives us a new heart and spirit. Through the written word of God, the Spirit reveals the living Word in us, and we are born again as a new creation. (Ezekiel 36:26; John 3:3-8; 1 Peter 1:3,21; 2 Corinthians 4:6-7; 2 Corinthians 5:17-19; James 1:18)
He fulfills the image of the Father in us. (Romans 8:28-29; 2 Corinthians 3:18)
“For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.”
1 Corinthians 15:21-22
In 1 Corinthians 15 we learn that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God. There is first a natural body, a man of dust, inherited from Adam the first man. The spiritual, imperishable man is Jesus Christ, the man of heaven and those who are of heaven ~ born of His Spirit. (John 1:12-13)
“Just as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the man of heaven.”
(1 Corinthians 15:42-49)
“But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law so that we might receive adoption as sons.
“Emmanuel” ~ God with us was the prophecy of Isaiah 8:10. “And they shall call his name Immanuel.” Matthew 1:23
“The promised seed shall be Immanuel, God with us; let that word comfort you that God is with us. The strongest consolations, in time of trouble, are those which are borrowed from Christ, our relation to him, our interest in him, and our expectations of him and from him.” Matthew Henry
(There are so many more references in each of these categories of the incarnation, mediation, and new creation. A book has been written already. Please comment with some of your favorites.)
Dear Father, reveal and fulfill your plan for our salvation in and through our Lord Jesus Christ, by the power of your Holy Spirit in us ~ to your glory and our joy. In Jesus’ name I pray. Amen.